Value Conflicts

AMERICAN INDIAN                       ANGLO AMERICAN                      

Slower, softer speech                 Louder, faster speech

Avoids speaker/listener with          Addresses listener directly
little or no eye contact              often by name

Interjects less                       Interrupts frequently

Less "encouraging signs"              Much verbal encouragement
(nodding of head, "uh huh" etc.)

Delayed resopnse to                   Immediate response to
auditory message                      auditory message  

Nonverbal communication prized        Verbal skills highly prized

Cooperation                           Competetion

Group needs most important            Personal goals most important

Harmony with nature                   Power and control of nature
Control self, not others              Control of self and others

Sharing, keep only enough to          Material things important
satisfy present needs                 collected and respected

Participates only when certain of     Trial and error

Privacy and noninterference           Need to control all

Physical punishment rare              Physical punishment accepted 

Patient, allows others to go first    Aggressive and competitive

Broken English accepted               Command of the English
language                              respected 

(These value conflicts have been modified and refined by educators throughout Minnesota and out state for a number of years. This particular chart has been printed using Dr. Sander's model which she developed in the Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development in April, 1987)

Nancy Vogt,, September 1994.